Authors are assigned to a given cohort according to the year of first recorded publication, which acts as an approximation for the beginning of their scientific career. We follow the publication records of all authors in every cohort who continued publishing for at least a certain number of years after their first paper, which can serve as a proxy for the career stage.

Proportion of Authors

Discover how the proportion of women and men among scientific authors has evolved over time.

Proportion of Authorships

Learn about the chronological evolution of the gender distribution in authorships of research articles.


Figure out how many researchers leave their fields several years after starting their careers.